COVID Resources

MoHFW has published a booklet for frontline workers and vaccinators to counsel pregnant women

A frontline healthcare worker or a vaccinator needs to counsel pregnant women about the availability, value, and precautions regarding the COVID-19 vaccine. Considering the requirement, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has released a booklet for frontline workers and vaccinators to educate pregnant women. This booklet provides the information needed to educate and support pregnant women and help them make an informed decision about getting the COVID-19 vaccine. The document is in question-answer form to make it easier for the workers to inform pregnant women and their families about the most important issues about COVID-19 vaccination. It also mentions the symptoms that could occur within 20 days after receiving any COVID-19 vaccine and the immediate action required after the symptoms surface.

Website link:https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/CounsellingbookletforFLWsEnglish.pdf

COVID-19: Science & Technology Efforts in India – An information resource on the pandemic

In 2020, India dealt with the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic with collective measures, scientific approaches, and awareness. The intelligent use of technology and well-planned resource allocation to tackle the new wave of the pandemic has been dealt with at a war footing. The newsletter COVID-19: Science & Technology Efforts in India, is being compiled to inform our readers and strengthen the usefulness of any published information.

To bridge the gap between scientific contributions, leadership and administrative efforts, and the general public’s perspective, Vigyan Prasar is continuously reaching out to its audiences by way of a regular e-newsletter, taking its mandate of science communication, popularisation and extension to the next level. Our effort is firmly based on the fact that “Science gathers knowledge faster than society gathers wisdom.” The steady increase in the number of recoveries and the significant and continuous decrease in positivity rate provides us with the much-needed assurance that this may be the outcome of improving the health infrastructure and making health the cornerstone at the policy level. The e-Newsletter aims to be a handy guide to scientists, researchers, and scholars, especially those interested.

The latest edition was digitally published on 11 July 2021.

Contact info:covidnewsletter@vigyanprasar.gov.in

Website link:https://www.indiascienceandtechnology.gov.in/covid-19-the-pandemic/newsletter-archive

Outreach initiatives through India Science, Technology and Innovation (ISTI) Web Portal

The India Science, Technology and Innovation Portal (ISTI) is a one-stop window for information about developments in India on science, technology, and innovation. The vision is to provide a single-window source of information on a web portal about all data related to the Indian STI ecosystem by aggregating data on scientific inputs and outputs, bringing stakeholders together and disseminating science, technology and innovation content. The portal focuses on bringing all stakeholders and Indian STI activities on a single online platform; helping efficient utilisation of resources; highlighting functioning of scientific organisations, laboratories and institutions; aggregating information on science funding, fellowship and award opportunities spanning from school to faculty level; pooling together conferences, seminars and events; and projecting science in India with its significant achievements. The ISTI web portal has been developed by Vigyan Prasar, an autonomous organisation of the DST.

In the critical times of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, the web portal serves as a one-stop online information guide to bring together a collection of resources in response to COVID-19. These resources are generated by efforts made by numerous initiatives and schemes taken up by several departments and ministries of the Government of India and numerous institutions spread across the country. The content presented here relies on the best available scientific understanding of the disease and its transmission.

The web portal provides all information related to COVID-19, from presenting symptoms to vaccine science, distribution strategy, and preventive measures initiated for envisaged future waves. It contains content on fact-checks and myth-busters in question and answer format, contributions from the research fraternity, start-up spotlights, industry collaborations, communications and resources, reaching out to society and so on. A dedicated focus has been given to exhibiting funding opportunities catering to the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Contact info:kdgm@vigyanprasar.gov.in

Website link:https://www.indiascienceandtechnology.gov.in/

Ministry of AYUSH comes out with Homoeopathic treatment protocol for Black Fungus

The second wave of COVID-19 pandemic has brought with it not only the detrimental effects of the disease itself but also add on infections following a blow to the immune system of an individual convalescing with the disease. An emerging threat of fungal infections has been noticed recently in immune-compromised patients and following immune-suppressants drugs, which were earlier found in rare cases.

With increasing cases of Mucormycosis (black fungus), the present information has been prepared by experienced senior clinicians treating specific fungal infections and researchers of the system, to efficiently treatm suspected and diagnosed cases of Mucormycosis with Homoeopathy. This condition requires hospitalbased treatment under supervision, and Homoeopathic medicines can be prescribed in an integrated manner. Since mostly immune-compromised patients get this infection, strict monitoring of blood sugar and other vitals is required.

For Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis, the drug prescribed is Arsenicum album, Aurummetallicum, Cundurango, Fluoricumacidum, Sulphur iodatum, Acid Benzoicum, Hippozaeninum, Kali iodatum, Kaliumbichromicum, Mercuriussolubilis, Nitricumacidum, Phosphorus, and Secalecornutum. Similarly, different drugs are prescribed for other types of Mucormycosis.

Website link:
https://www.ayush.gov.in/docs/Information%20for%20homoeopathic%20management%20of%20Mucormycosis-reg.pdf

PANDEMICS: Past, Present, Future Challenges & Opportunities: Booklet by UNESCO MGIEP reflects upon basic questions encompassing the word ‘pandemic’

The booklet, PANDEMICS: Past, Present, Future - Challenges & Opportunities comes in handy to answer and reflect upon basic questions encompassing the word ‘pandemic’ – the what, where, when and how of it. The genesis of the book began when UNESCO MGIEP were approached by the Office of Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) to the Government of India to produce a document that was not meant to be: (i) a compendium for training individuals on pandemic science; (ii) an exhaustive compilation of dos and don’ts with respect to a pandemic; and iii) a commentary on global best versus worst practices to combat the pandemic.

This booklet aims to provide: (i) basic information about key concepts associated with and procedural understanding of the term ‘pandemic’; (ii) a synopsis of past and present pandemics with focus on lessons learnt – primarily from COVID-19 and preparedness for the future; iii) a brief overview of mitigation policies adopted by countries across the globe to combat the pandemic; iv) an account of direct and indirect impacts of a pandemic on various sectors of the society ranging from health, education to economic; and v) a preliminary inference of its ramifications on progress towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Therefore, this booklet should be considered as a primer on pandemics with the main objective of familiarising its readers with key concepts, measures, lessons and preparedness on pandemics.

Website link:
https://static.psa.gov.in/psa-prod/publication/pandemic.pdf.pdf

PGIMER releases infographic booklet on COVID-19-and home based care

The current wave of COVID-19 in India is a public health emergency on a scale never seen before and is different from last year’s wave. The disease expansion to the rural countryside, which was primarily unaffected in 2020, is worrisome.

The current COVID-19 pandemic has taught us a lot about how primary care can respond to such a crisis. As the first line of protection, primary care reinforces the patient’s ability to manage infection at home, reducing the risk of infection transmission and preventing overcrowding in hospitals. So, home isolation should be provided for mild and asymptomatic COVID-19 cases. During home isolation, patients or caregivers should be in direct contact with doctors and should update their conditions regularly

The infographic booklet provides information in easyto-understand graphics on monitoring vital symptoms, including clinical guidance for the management of suspected and confirmed COVID-19 cases in resource-limited settings for both mild and asymptomatic patients. The booklet provides basic education and knowledge on COVID-19 and home-based care. This will enhance home-based care in patients who are suspected or confirmed COVID-19.

This booklet guides about home isolation and provides instruction for caregivers and patients, treatment for patients with mild / asymptomatic disease in home isolation, when you should seek medical help and when you should stop being isolated at home.

Contact info:Khaiwal.ravindra@pgimer.edu.in, Khaiwal.ravindra@pgimer.edu.in

Website link:
https://6c7e24ae-fb40-4331-a67d-c876b179abc8.filesusr.com/ugd/bce95d_7ce9f70f18be43ddb3d7208bc52c763b.pdf

DBT has released an e-book on its efforts during COVID-19

DBT and its autonomous institutes along with public sector undertakings are working relentlessly to mitigate the COVID-19 health crisis through the development of diagnostics, vaccines, monoclonals, and novel protection equipment.

DBT released an e-book on S&T solutions for COVID-19 that showcased the initiatives undertaken by the department for mitigation of the COVID-19 pandemic. From the development of indigenous vaccines, novel point-of-care diagnostics, and therapeutic formulations based on traditional knowledge, to the establishment of research resources and offering services, the department is focused on creating an ecosystem to foster Atmanirbhar Bharat for innovative product development, with societal relevance. The e-book showcased the indigenous COVID-19 interventions developed by DBT-supported initiatives.

Website link:
https://dbtindia.gov.in/sites/default/files/uploadfiles/DBT%20Response%20to%20COVID%20New.pdf

Outreach initiatives by India Science Channel

India Science is an Internet-based Over-The-Top (OTT) science TV channel. It is an initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, implemented and managed by Vigyan Prasar (VP), an autonomous organisation of the DST. This 24x7 video platform is dedicated to science and technology knowledge dissemination, with a strong commitment to spreading scientific awareness, especially with Indian perspectives, ethos and cultural milieu. The initiative is supported by the National Council of Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC), DST.

Science and technology are the main driving forces of the nation and fundamental to progress and growth. So, the advantages of science and technology must reach all sections of the society through popular media of communication. India’s large Internet user base of 500 million is split between 305 million urban Indians and 195 million rural Indians, all of whom need to be reached with authentic science and technology content. And to do so, the Internet is fast becoming the most accessible and preferred media for content delivery

Since the occurrence of COVID-19, India Science has been working tirelessly to connect with the people, in the form of regular bulletins, documentaries, interviews, bytes and live sessions of scientists, doctors, experts, science administrators and policymakers. The following is a brief account of the information products produced by India Science.

1. Weekly COVID-19 video bulletin: Produced in both Hindi and English on a weekly basis from 7 July 2020, COVID-19 bulletin apprises the audience about the latest developments happening in the S&T scenario in India that are helping in managing and overcoming the challenges thrown up by the pandemic. Vigyan Prasar produced a daily COVID-19 bulletin from 11 April to 6 July 2020. Thereafter, a weekly bulletin is being produced, which provides details about the most important S&T updates from the country related to COVID-19. From January 2021 onwards the COVID-19 bulletin carried news about the vaccination drive initiated by the Government of India.

2. COVID-19 Explained: Short films to explain the important research findings related to COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccination in layman’s language are produced on a weekly basis. The topics chosen for COVID-19 Explained cater to the curiosity of the common man towards COVID-19.

3. Facebook live sessions on interviews of various stakeholders on COVID-19 vaccination programme.

4. Facebook and India Science live sessions on interviews with experts on COVID-19 vaccination.

5. Live phone in programme: A live phone in programme on COVID-19 vaccination is telecast from India Science on every Monday and Tuesday. Experts from the field give answers to the questions related to COVID-19 vaccination received from the audience.

6. India Science started ‘Corona Ko Harana Hai’ from April 2021. In this programme, India Science team conduct interviews on COVID-19-related different issues with top medical professionals of the country.

7. India Science makes infographics on COVID-19-related different issues regularly.

8. COVID-19 vaccine: Fact File also telecast every Saturday from India Science.

Contact info:kapil@vigyanprasar.gov.in

Website link:https://www.indiascience.in/

myGOV reaching out to citizens by inviting blogs for the largest vaccination drive

myGOV is inviting blogs from Indian citizens for the largest vaccination drive in India. It is inviting citizens from all walks of life to share a blog write-up of 500 words. The topics are as follows:

1. Overcoming vaccine hesitancy

2. Getting covaxinated (COVID vaccine) is important

3. Key to a successful COVID-19 inoculation drive

The blog write-up should be in any of the two formats – word/pdf and the writer should not imprint or watermark the entry. Entries are to be submitted online only. Any other medium/ mode will not be considered for evaluation.

Last date: 31 December 2021

Website link:https://www.mygov.in/task/inviting-blogs-mygov-citizens-largest-vaccination-drive/?target=inapp&type=task&nid=309211

Outreach initiatives by India Science Channel

India Science is an Internet-based Over-The-Top (OTT) science TV channel. It is an initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, implemented and managed by Vigyan Prasar (VP), an autonomous organisation of the DST. This 24x7 video platform is dedicated to science and technology knowledge dissemination, with a strong commitment to spreading scientific awareness, especially with Indian perspectives, ethos and cultural milieu. The initiative is supported by the National Council of Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC), DST.

Science and technology are the main driving forces of the nation and fundamental to progress and growth. So, the advantages of science and technology must reach all sections of the society through popular media of communication. India’s large Internet user base of 500 million is split between 305 million urban Indians and 195 million rural Indians, all of whom need to be reached with authentic science and technology content. And to do so, the Internet is fast becoming the most accessible and preferred media for content delivery.

Since the occurrence of COVID-19, India Science has been working tirelessly to connect with the people, in the form of regular bulletins, documentaries, interviews, bytes and live sessions of scientists, doctors, experts, science administrators and policymakers. The following is a brief account of the information products produced by India Science.

1. Weekly COVID-19 video bulletin: Produced in both Hindi and English on a weekly basis from 7 July 2020, COVID-19 bulletin apprises the audience about the latest developments happening in the S&T scenario in India that are helping in managing and overcoming the challenges thrown up by the pandemic. Vigyan Prasar produced a daily COVID-19 bulletin from 11 April to 6 July 2020. Thereafter, a weekly bulletin is being produced, which provides details about the most important S&T updates from the country related to COVID-19. From January 2021 onwards the COVID-19 bulletin carried news about the vaccination drive initiated by the Government of India.

2. COVID-19 Explained: Short films to explain the important research findings related to COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccination in layman’s language are produced on a weekly basis. The topics chosen for COVID-19 Explained cater to the curiosity of the common man towards COVID-19.

3. Facebook live sessions on interviews of various stakeholders on COVID-19 vaccination programme.

4. Facebook and India Science live sessions on interviews with experts on COVID-19 vaccination.

5. Live phone in programme: A live phone in programme on COVID-19 vaccination is telecast from India Science on every Monday and Tuesday. Experts from the field give answers to the questions related to COVID-19 vaccination received from the audience.

6. India Science started ‘Corona Ko Harana Hai’ from April 2021. In this programme, India Science team conduct interviews on COVID-19-related different issues with top medical professionals of the country.

7. India Science makes infographics on COVID-19-related different issues regularly.

8. COVID-19 vaccine: Fact File also telecast every Saturday from India Science.

Contact info: kapil@vigyanprasar.gov.in

Website link: https://www.indiascience.in/

MoHFW releases resource materials to promote youth campaign on COVID appropriate behaviour, vaccination drive and psychosocial well-being

Young people are central to tackling the COVID-19 crisis and finding new ways to transform their lives and communities. To respond to the challenges of the new post-crisis reality and help shape a better future, they are once again leading the way with their innovative and disruptive ideas.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) issued an actionable toolkit in support of COVID appropriate behaviour and the largest vaccine drive. This toolkit is designed to encourage eligible citizens, who are above 18 years of age, to become youth champions in the fight against COVID-19 supporting the #LargestVaccineDrive and COVID appropriate behaviour.

Website link: https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/YouthGuidebookonCAB&VaccinationEnglish.pdf

PGIMER, in collaboration with Panjab University, releases infographic booklet on COVID-19-associated mucormycosis

Mucormycosis is a critical condition caused by a group of molds known as mucormycetes. These fungi can be found in the environment, but they thrive in soil and decaying organic materials like leaves, compost piles, and rotten wood. It affects people who have health issues that impair and reduce their ability to combat pathogens in the environment. They include immune-compromised individuals with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, neutropenia and in people who have taken immunosuppressant for the treatment of blood cancer, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, etc. The infection is not contagious and cannot be passed from one person to another, but if left uncared, it could be fatal.

Mucormycosis can also complicate the case of severe COVID-19 infection. The COVID-19 pandemic is still a major public health issue around the world and now its wide range of symptoms and complications have also emerged. One of these complications is fungal infection such as mucormycosis. Patients who have been treated for COVID-19, who have taken excessive steroids and who are diabetic are more susceptibile to mucormycosis. Clinical manifestations of mucormycosis can vary based on anatomical sites such as nasal blockage, discharge from the nose, pain or swelling on one side of the face, chest pain, cutaneous involvement, abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting, etc.

This pictorial booklet aims to create awareness by providing education and knowledge on COVID-19 and its complications such as mucormycosis in simple, easy to understand language. Its purpose is to enhance the self-care measures in persons who are suspected or confirmed COVID-19 to protect themselves against mucormycosis.

Contact info: khaiwal.ravindra@pgimer.edu.in, sumanmor@pu.ac.in

Website link: https://6c7e24ae-fb40-4331-a67d-c876b179abc8.filesusr.com/ugd/ bce95d_8e2ee155d34d4be99825e997c80f03bb.pdf

MoHFW releases operational guidance for COVID-19 vaccination of pregnant women

COVID-19 infection during pregnancy may result in rapid deterioration of the health of pregnant women and could also affect the foetus. According to experts, the benefits of vaccination to pregnant women outweigh its potential risks. Based on the recommendations from National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (NTAGI), MoHFW has approved the vaccination of pregnant women against COVID-19 with the condition that they are informed about the risks of exposure to COVID-19 infection along with the risks and benefits associated with the vaccines. Based on this information, a pregnant woman will have the choice to take the vaccination.

Contact info: ncov2019@gov.in

Website link: https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/OperationalGuidanceforCOVID19vaccinationofPregnantWoman.pdf

PGIMER-Chandigarh and Panjab University bring out sixth educative comic series to spread COVID-19 awareness amongst children

COVID-19 has become a nightmare for most of the people around the world. While adults can gather data from common platforms like a newspaper, for children it really becomes incomprehensible to understand the talks, advisories and other scientific information. To overcome the challenge, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER, Chandigarh) and Panjab University (PU) have created an educative comic series titled Kids, Vaayu & Corona, for children. Here is the sixth edition sensitising the young kids on various COVID variants and vaccine warriors. This is aimed at helping them become aware about the threats of coronavirus and of ways to remain safe by taking simple precautionary steps for prevention and control of the spread of the infection.

The series is based on conversations between three children and the superhero of the series, Vaayu, who is a global citizen, who works for better public health and environment. The sixth part of the series in simple words explains terms like COVID vaccine, yoga, COVID appropriate behaviour, double mask, and other common dos and don’ts

Contact info: khaiwal.ravindra@pgimer.edu.in, sumanmor@pu.ac.in

Website link: https://6c7e24ae-fb40-4331-a67d-c876b179abc8.filesusr.com/ugd/bce95d_cb2b7297c8c049f58ca5b1d5c3f8f6f8.pdf

COVID 2021: Nation’s S&T Efforts Against COVID-19 – An e-Newsletter on COVID-19

In 2020, India dealt with the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic with collective measures, scientific approaches, and awareness. The intelligent use of technology and well-planned resource allocation to tackle the new wave of the pandemic has been dealt with at a war footing. The newsletter COVID 2021: Nation’s S&T Efforts Against COVID-19, is being compiled to inform our readers and strengthen the usefulness of any published information.

To bridge the gap between scientific contributions, leadership and administrative efforts, and the general public’s perspective, Vigyan Prasar is continuously reaching out to its audiences by way of a regular e-newsletter, taking its mandate of science communication, popularisation and extension to the next level. Our effort is firmly based on the fact that “Science gathers knowledge faster than society gathers wisdom.” The steady increase in the number of recoveries and the significant and continuous decrease in positivity rate provides us with the much-needed assurance that this may be the outcome of improving the health infrastructure and making health the cornerstone at the policy level. The e-Newsletter aims to be a handy guide to scientists, researchers, and scholars, especially those interested.

The latest edition was digitally published on 28 June 2021.

Contact info: covidnewsletter@vigyanprasar.gov.in

Website link: https://www.indiascienceandtechnology.gov.in/covid-19-the-pandemic/newsletter-archive

myGOV reaches out to citizens by inviting blogs for the largest vaccination drive

myGOV is inviting blogs from Indian citizens for the largest vaccination drive in India. It is inviting citizens from all walks of life to share a blog write-up of 500 words. The topics are as follows:

1. Overcoming vaccine hesitancy

2. Getting Covaxinated (COVID vaccine) is important

3. Key to a successful COVID-19 inoculation drive

The blog write-up should be in any of the two formats – word/pdf and the writer should not imprint or watermark the entry. Entries are to be submitted online only. Any other medium/ mode will not be considered for evaluation.

Initiative by myGOV to engage the general public in thanking the healthcare workers

As the second wave of COVID-19 once again tests India’s strength and dedication in defeating coronavirus, doctors, nurses and frontline workers have isolated themselves away from their families and have been working day and night to battle the atrocities of the raging pandemic. To make their job easier and help them, people can support them by following Covid appropriate behaviour and take out time to say a heartfelt thank you.

To make them feel valued, myGOV has started an initiative for healthcare workers, for which you have to first join the Thank You Healthcare Workers Initiative and share your appreciation message.

Last date: 31 December 2021

Website link: https://www.mygov.in/group-issue/lets-thank-our-healthcareworkers/?target=inapp&type=group_issue&nid=309871

Outreach initiatives through India Science, Technology and Innovation (ISTI) Web Portal

The India Science, Technology and Innovation Portal (ISTI) is a one-stop window for information about developments in India on science, technology, and innovation. The vision is to provide a single-window source of information on a web portal about all data related to the Indian STI ecosystem by aggregating data on scientific inputs and outputs, bringing stakeholders together and disseminating science, technology and innovation content. The portal focuses on bringing all stakeholders and Indian STI activities on a single online platform; helping efficient utilisation of resources; highlighting functioning of scientific organisations, laboratories and institutions; aggregating information on science funding, fellowship and award opportunities spanning from school to faculty level; pooling together conferences, seminars and events; and projecting science in India with its significant achievements. The ISTI web portal has been developed by Vigyan Prasar, an autonomous organisation of the DST.

In the critical times of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, the web portal serves as a one-stop online information guide to bring together a collection of resources in response to COVID-19. These resources are generated by efforts made by numerous initiatives and schemes taken up by several departments and ministries of the Government of India and numerous institutions spread across the country. The content presented here relies on the best available scientific understanding of the disease and its transmission.

The web portal provides all information related to COVID-19, from presenting symptoms to vaccine science, distribution strategy, and preventive measures initiated for envisaged future waves. It contains content on fact-checks and myth-busters in question and answer format, contributions from the research fraternity, start-up spotlights, industry collaborations, communications and resources, reaching out to society and so on. A dedicated focus has been given to exhibiting funding opportunities catering to the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Contact info: kdgm@vigyanprasar.gov.in

Website link: https://www.indiascienceandtechnology.gov.in/

Press Information Bureau releases daily bulletin on COVID-19

Press Information Bureau (PIB), Government of India releases a daily bulletin on COVID-19, starting from the early days of the COVID-19 outbreak. The bulletin contains press releases concerning COVID-19, issued in the last 24 hours, inputs from PIB field offices, and fact checks undertaken by PIB. These bulletins are published in 14 languages: Hindi, English, Urdu, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Punjabi, Bangla, Kannada, Oriya, Gujarati, Assamese, Malayalam and Manipuri. The following data points were released on 6 July 2021.

Website link: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1733171/

Government of India presents a regular COVID-19 India factsheet and immunisation programme

Government of India has provided, through the free-of-cost category and direct-stateprocurement category, more than 36 crore vaccine doses (36,13,23,548) to States/ UTs.

India’s coronavirus cases have crossed three crores, and as of 7 July 2021, 08:00 AM it stands at 3,06,63,665 cases, of which 2,97,99,534 have recovered. The recovery rate stands at 97.18 per cent while the case fatality rate stands at 1.32 per cent.

Website link: https://www.mygov.in/covid-19

Office of the PSA releases Advisory on “Stop the Transmission, Crush the Pandemic - Masks, distance, sanitation and ventilation to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 virus.”

The Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India has issued a simple, easy-to-follow guideline titled “Stop the Transmission, Crush the Pandemic - Masks, distance, sanitation and ventilation to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 virus”. As the pandemic rages in India, it is important to remember that simple tools and practices can reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2 virus. The advisory highlights the important role well-ventilated spaces play in diluting the viral load of infected air in poorly ventilated houses, offices etc. Ventilation can decrease the risk of transmission from one infected person to the other. Just as smells can be diluted from the air through opening windows and doors and using exhaust systems, ventilating spaces with improved directional air flow decreases the accumulated viral land in the air, reducing the risk of transmission. Ventilation is a community defense that protects all of us at home or at work. Introducing outdoor air in offices, homes and larger public spaces is advised. Measures to improve ventilation in these spaces must be taken up on urgent priority in urban and rural areas alike; recommendations for hutments, homes, offices and large centralised buildings are given. Simple strategic placement of fans, open windows and doors, even slightly open windows can introduce outdoor air and improve the air quality inside. Introduction of cross ventilation and exhaust fans will be beneficial in curtailing the spread of the disease. In buildings with central air management systems improving central air filtration/increased filtration efficiency is especially helpful when enhanced outdoor air delivery options are limited. In offices, auditoriums, shopping malls etc. use of gable fan systems and roof ventilators are recommended. Frequent cleaning and replacement of filters is highly recommended.

Saliva and nasal discharged in the form of droplets and aerosols, by an infected person while exhaling, talking, speaking, singing, laughing, coughing or sneezing etc. is the primary mode of virus transmissions. Infected person who shows no symptoms also transmits the virus. People without symptoms can spread the virus. People should continue wearing a mask, wear double masks or an N95 mask. The SARS-CoV-2 virus infects a human host where it can multiply; in the absence of the host it cannot survive, and stopping the transmission of the virus from a person to another person will decrease the infection rate of the disease to a level where it can eventually die. This can be achieved only with the support and cooperation of individuals, communities, local bodies and authorities. With the use of masks, ventilation, distancing, and sanitation, the battle against the virus can be won.

Website link:

https://static.pib.gov.in/WriteReadData/userfiles/advisorcov.pdf

https://static.pib.gov.in/WriteReadData/specificdocs/documents/2021/may/...

Government of Odisha develops advanced tech tools to combat COVID-19

Government of Odisha has developed COVID Dashboard to tackle the pandemic transparently and efficiently through technology. The COVID-19 dashboard depicts information of the status of the pandemic at state and district level. In addition to the epidemiological data, the dashboard is regularly updated, and it provides information on COVID care hospitals and centres based on number of bed available, government orders, age-wise and gender-wise summary, State-wide Vaccination Coverage, Covid related information database,Testing Summary and many more.

Website link:

https://statedashboard.odisha.gov.in/

National Institute of Epidemiology releases e-Book to control COVID-19 second wave

The COVID-19 pandemic has become the most significant global public health emergency to public health, human society, and the environment. Various mitigation strategies have been implemented by States, Districts and Cities in India to contain the rapid spread of the Coronavirus, such as complete or partial lockdown, travel bans, mass gathering restrictions, and home quarantines within communities, social distancing measures, personal protective actions, tracing and treatment. National Institute of Epidemiology (NIE) released a compendium of strategies to be followed to overcome the second wave rapidly. The immediate priority is to reduce the COVID-19 deaths. Simultaneous mitigation efforts will help in reducing the spread of COVID within few weeks.

The practices and initiatives in the compendium have been categorized under eight areas:

1. Establish COVID Management Centre;

2. Reduce deaths;

3. Reduce the spread;

4. Establish data dashboards;

5. Establish alert system to turn on and off physical distancing measures;

6. Communicate effectively and counter misinformation;

7. Scale-up vaccination; and

8. Sustain non-cOVID services.

9. Covid related information database

Effective implementation of these strategies in the short term and medium term will certainly reduce deaths, spread of disease and prepare the health system for future outbreaks. The current situation calls for all stakeholders' strong involvement, including the community, to work in synchrony to win this war against COVID-19.

Website link:

http://www.nie.gov.in/images/leftcontent_attach/COVID_Strategy_Document_... compressed_278.pdf

CSIR-CCMB releases COVID-19 Chronicles

Centre for Cellular & Molecular Biology (CCMB), an autonomous institute of CSIR, Government of India has come up with COVID-19 chronicles that provides an insight into the technologies developed, research on COVID-19, training programmes for mitigation of the pandemic.

Website link:

https://www.ccmb.res.in/docs/COVID_response_book_Edition_2.pdf

PGIMER releases infographic booklet on air pollution and COVID-19 mitigation strategies

Globally COVID-19 has caused a serious impact on human health by affecting the respiratory system. Among all the people, COVID-19 could disproportionately affect the vulnerable population and people with diseases. The higher levels of air pollution also increase the susceptibility of COVID-19 especially in the vulnerable population. The poor air quality affectsour lungs and other body organs, increasing the risk of various respiratory diseases. Understanding the correlation of poor air quality and COVID-19 is extremely important to respond wisely to reduce the impact on respiratory system. During COVID-19, air pollution can worsen the health condition of a person with respiratory and circulatory diseases and may lead to increase in severity of cases. Bringing awareness about air pollution sources (indoor as well as ambient) and associated health impacts during COVID-19 has become utmost important. Addressing the issue of air pollution will help and lead to decline in morbidity and mortality as well as decline in respiration-related illnesses during COVID-19 pandemic. To address these issues complete awareness and preventive measures about poor air quality and COVID-19 is very essential. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh (PGIMER) has brought out an infographic-based booklet on air pollution and COVID-19 mitigation strategies to create awareness among the public and to minimize the health impact of air pollution and COVID-19 on people.

Contact Info: Khaiwal.ravindra@pgimer.edu.in, sumanmor@pu.ac.in

Website link:

http://moef.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Air-Pollution_COVID_Mitiga... Feb-21.._compressed.pdf

http://moef.gov.in/en/air-pollution-covid-19-mitigation-strategies/

Outreach initiatives by India Science Channel

India Science is an Internet-based Over-The-Top (OTT) Science TV channel. It is an initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, implemented and managed by Vigyan Prasar (VP), an autonomous organisation of the DST. This 24x7 video platform is dedicated to science and technology knowledge dissemination, with a strong commitment to spreading scientific awareness, especially with Indian perspectives, ethos and cultural milieu. The initiative is supported by the National Council of Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC), DST. Science and Technology are the main driving forces of the nation and fundamental to progress and growth. So, the advantages of science and technology must reach all sections of the society through popular media of communication. India's large Internet user base of 500 million is split between 305 million urban Indians and 195 million rural Indians, all of whom need to be reached with authentic science and technology content. And to do so, the Internet is fast becoming the most accessible and preferred media for content delivery. Since the occurrence of COVID-19, India Science has been working tirelessly to connect with the people, in the form of regular bulletins, documentaries, interviews, bytes and live sessions of scientists, doctors, experts, science administrators, and policymakers. The following is a brief account of the information products produced by India Science.

1. Weekly COVID-19 video bulletin: Produced in both Hindi and English on weekly basis from 7 July 2020, COVID-19 bulletin apprises the audience about the latest developments happening in the S&T scenario in India that are helping in managing and overcoming the challenges thrown up by the pandemic. Vigyan Prasar produced daily COVID-19 Bulletin from 11th April to 06 July 2020. Thereafter, a weekly bulletin is being produced which provides details about the most important S&T updates from the country related to COVID-19. From January 2021 onwards the COVID Bulletin carried news about vaccination drive initiated by the Government of India.

2. COVID Explained - Short films to explain the important research findings related to COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccination in layman's language are produced on weekly basis. The topics chosen for COVID Explained cater to the curiosity of common man towards COVID-19.

3. Facebook live sessions on interviews of various stakeholders on COVID-19 Vaccination Programme.

4. Facebook and India Science live sessions on interviews with experts on COVID-19 Vaccination.

5. Live Phone-in programme: A live phone-in programme on COVID-19 vaccination is telecast from India Science on every Monday and Tuesday. Experts from the field give answers to the questions related to COVID-19 vaccination received from the audience.

6. India Science started “Corona Ko Harana Hai” from April, 2021. In this India Science team interview top medical professionals of the country on COVID-19-related issues.

7. India Science makes infographics on different issues related to COVID-19.

Contact info: kapil@vigyanprasar.gov.in

Website link:

https://www.indiascience.in/

Staying healthy while studying or working online – a booklet released by PGIMER

The COVID-19 pandemic has drastically changed the way we work, communicate, and socialize and left us with the challenge of making significant changes in a matter of days on an extraordinary scale. PGIMER released an infographic booklet which provides step-by-step guide, how we can limit our screen time to remain mentally and physically active to address the mental health and psychosocial aspects during conditions like COVID-19 and beyond. This pictorial booklet titled 'Staying Healthy While Studying or Working Online’ will be a valuable tool to educate everyone in simple, easy-to-grasp pictures about the importance of proper sleep, adequate lighting, a comfortable workplace and short exercises to reduce strain while working or studying online.

Contact Info: Khaiwal.ravindra@pgimer.edu.in, sumanmor@pu.ac.in

Website link:

https://www.care4cleanair.com/awarnessmaterial

IIT Gandhinagar releases white paper to help other institutions in setting up in-house Covid Care Facilities

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Gandhinagar has come out with a white paper to help educational and other institutions establish in-house COVID care facilities to tackle the surge in cases. This Whitepaper outlines the lessons from the development of IIT Gandhinagar’s Covid Care Facility in the hope that it will encourage other institutions and communities to develop similar facilities to provide relief to their community members and reduce the strain on the local, state, and national medical infrastructure.

Contact Info: crisis@iitgn.ac.in

Website link:

https://iitgn.ac.in/pdf/ccf.pdf

Guideline for oxygen self-use during homecare by PGIMERChandigarh & Panjab University

As the second wave of COVID-19 sweeps through the country with deadly consequences, doctors across the state have started advocating proning exercises to improve oxygen levels in COVID-positive patients — both in home isolation as well as in hospital. To overcome the challenge, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER, Chandigarh) and Panjab University (PU) have created an educative guideline for oxygen self-use during homecare. The Guideline advises people to not panic if they experience any COVID-19 symptoms, as the majority of people can manage their infections at home by following self-care measures. It lists the common symptoms of the disease and recommends that at the first sign of experiencing the symptoms, people should isolate at home and begin following self-care measures. It asks people to not worry or become anxious, as these interfere with the body’s natural immune response to fighting the infection.

Contact Info: Khaiwal.ravindra@pgimer.edu.in, sumanmor@pu.ac.in

Website link:

https://www.care4cleanair.com/awarnessmaterial

Outreach initiatives through India Science, Technology and Innovation (ISTI) Web Portal

The India Science, Technology and Innovation Portal (ISTI) is a one-stop window for information about developments in India on science, technology and innovation. The portal focuses on bringing all stakeholders and Indian STI activities on a single online platform; helping efficient utilisation of resources; highlighting functioning of scientific organisations, laboratories and institutions; aggregating information on science funding, fellowship and award opportunities spanning from school to faculty level; pooling together conferences, seminars and events; and projecting science in India with its major achievements. The ISTI web portal has been developed by Vigyan Prasar, an autonomous organisation of the DST. In the critical times of outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, the web portal serves as a one-stop online information guide to bring together a collection of resources in response to COVID-19. These resources are generated by efforts made by numerous initiatives and schemes taken up by several Departments and Ministries of Government of India. These are being implemented by public-supported research institutions in India. The content presented here relies on the best available scientific understanding of the disease and its transmission. The web portal provided all information related to COVID-19, its presentation of symptoms, transmission modes and mechanisms, and various models of protection of individuals, healthcare professionals and prevention from spreading to the community. The reasons, usefulness, and impact of social distancing have been communicated in an easy-to-understand manner.

Contact Info: kdgm@vigyanprasar.gov.in

Website link:

https://www.indiascienceandtechnology.gov.in/

COVID 2021: Nation’s S&T Efforts Against COVID-19 – An e-Newsletter on COVID-19

For the benefit of its target audience and reaching out to researchers and scientists in special and common public in general, Vigyan Prasar published a regular e-Newsletter on the most relevant initiatives and efforts taken by Government of India through its various Science Ministries, Departments, and Funding Organisations. These organisations are continuously VIGYAN PRASAR 90 striving for combating the outbreak of COVID-19. These research-driven and technology-based interventions have been initiated to combat the outburst of the pandemic. The e-Newsletter aims to be a handy guide to scientists, researchers, and scholars, especially those who are interested in knowing various aspects of COVID-19 and contributing to the coronavirus warfare and making the nation Atmanirbhar. It provides authentic information to the readers and validates the usefulness of any published information.

Contact Info: covidnewsletter@vigyanprasar.gov.in

Website link:

https://www.indiascienceandtechnology.gov.in/covid-19-the-pandemic/newsl...