S&T for Women
A large number of women including SHGs have been benefitted directly through biotech packages for floriculture, horticulture, cultivation of mushrooms, medicinal and aromatic plants, bio-fertilisers, organic farming, vermicomposting, sericulture, aquaculture, animal husbandry, poultry farming and making of bio-crafts. Several training modules have been prepared by Department of Biotechnology for creating awareness on health, nutritional food preparations and agricultural practices.
1. Agri-biotechnologies - The women beneficiaries were trained on organic farming covering nutrient management through vermicompost, NADEP & other organic manures, use of bio-fertilisers, pest & disease management through bio-pesticides etc.
2. Aquaculture - Development of mangrove based agro aqua farming for restoration of Mangrove ecosystem and providing livelihood was supported at Andaman Islands. Five crab fattening pens were installed at three project sites and two farm model fish feed units were installed at two sites. Four value added fish product development units were also established.
3. Animal Feed - At Kanyakumari, women were provided with the Azolla kit consisting of Azolla seeds, Silpaulin sheet minerals etc and were extensively trained on the production of Azolla-based feed for poultry & livestock. This technology of Azolla feed production for poultry and cattle has been transferred to a dozen local/state agencies.
4. Hybrid Seed Production - Women farmers were trained in TNAU, on hybrid maize seed production covering parental line sowing methods, detasseling, crossing, harvesting F1 seeds, processing and marketing.
5. Prasad Kit - A unique programme was developed around major shrines by utilising local bio-resources for preparation of items of offerings at these places. A total of 15 projects were supported under this programme benefitting around 7000 women.
6. Rural Bio-resource Complex - Seven projects were supported through State agricultural Universities to establish various technology packages in an integrated manner forming a bio-resource complex for women. Such a bio-resource complex has been established at Udaipur, Bikaner, Dharwad, Jorhat, Wayanada (Kerala), Ludhiana and Coimbatore.
KIRAN (Knowledge Involvement in Research Advancement through Nurturing) embraces women-exclusive schemes of Department of Science & Technology (DST) with the mandate to bring gender parity in S&T through gender mainstreaming. Different programs and components of KIRAN presented below deal with various crucial issues (break in career primarily due to family responsibilities, self employment, part time career, relocation, etc.) faced by women scientists in their career path.
1. Women Scientist Scheme-A (WOS-A): WOS-A is aimed to provide opportunities to women scientists and technologists for pursuing research in basic or applied sciences in frontier areas of science and engineering.
2. Women Scientists Scheme-B (WOS-B): WOS-B is focused on S&T solutions of challenges/issues at the grassroots level for social benefit. Under this segment, women scientists are required to work in the domain of lab-to-land technology development, its adaptation, transfer and scaling up and is primarily location specific interventions.
3. Women Scientists Scheme-C (WOS-C): WOS-C aims to create opportunity of self employment and/or also sustainable career for the women scientists. The scheme provides one year internship in the domain of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) which includes theory as well as hands-on training in law firms.
4. Mobility: To address relocation issue of women scientists/academicians working in permanent position in Government organizations ‘Mobility’ component has been initiated by DST under KIRAN. Mobility’ here is referred to geographic mobility for sustenance and career advancement of Women working in S&T domain.
5. S&T for Women: The program “Science and Technology for Women”, under KIRAN was initiated in 1981-1982 with mandate to promote gender equality and empower women at grassroots level with inputs of S&T through development, adaptation, adoption, transfer, demonstration and replication of appropriate and successful technologies. Since inception, more than 2000 projects have been sponsored and more than 500 technologies have been developed through individual projects, coordinated programmes and Women Technology Parks.