Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Govt. of India, has various projects for the socio economic upliftment of SC/ST target population for poultry production, goat rearing, artificial insemination, sericulture, bio-control agents, vermicomposting, medicinal plants, mushroom cultivation, aquaculture, animal husbandry and bio-resource complex. About 20,000 people have been benefited.
1. Tissue Culture - At KAU, KVK project on entrepreneurship development and sustainable livelihoods for SC/ST women through floriculture was implemented in two agro-ecological locations of Wayanad district and Central midlands, Thrissur district of Kerala.
2. Artificial Insemination – A project on dissemination and use of biotechnology tools in livestock for sustainability development for the families in desert areas of Rajasthan was implemented by BAIF Research Foundation, Pune.
3. Ginger Cultivation – A project on livelihood promotion of tribal communities in Kandhamal District, Orissa by using biotechnology was implemented by OUAT, Bhubaneswar for the benefit of tribal communities in Kandhamal district, Orissa.
4. Black-Pepper Cultivation - Scientific organic cultivation of pepper through efficient use of bio-control agents and bio-pesticides was propagated among the Tribal and Rural farmers of Idukki District, Kerala by Peermade Development Society, Peermade, Kerala.
5. Product Development – A project on promoting the use of invasive species, as an important bio-resource, to enhance livelihood of forest dwelling tribal communities was implemented by Atree Foundation, Bangalore.
6. Poultry Production - A project on poultry production was implemented for demonstration of Giriraja poultry as regular source of income for SC/ST population in Washim district of Maharashtra. Beneficiaries were trained on different aspects of Giriraja poultry farming at KVK as well as at village sites in Risod Tahsil.
Technological Interventions for Tribal Empowerment (TITE) programme under Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) of Department of Science & Technology (DST), Govt. of India, supports and implements technology-led demonstration projects for improving quality-of-life and empowerment of Scheduled Tribe (ST) communities based on sustainable Science and Technology (S&T) activities/applications. Major focus of the scheme is to promote research, development and adaptation of S&T for better living conditions with enhanced livelihood opportunities and initiation of location- specific and need-based programmes. Projects are being implemented mainly by S&T driven/based voluntary organizations and Universities/R&D institutes as part of their extension/research activities mostly in difficult geographical areas.
1. Under TITE and Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP), 80 diverse projects have been implemented in different parts of the country focusing on appropriate and cost effective technology modulation and transfer, based on location-specific needs/conditions, leading to technological empowerment in related occupations of Tribal/ Scheduled Caste sections of society.
2. Improvised drying-cum-storage technology for large Cardamom has been successfully introduced and demonstrated in Ziro, Arunachal Pradesh.
3. Machinery tools and equipment have been introduced for improved processing and packing of UNR (Untapped Natural Resources) Palmyrah Fronds and Bamboo sheaths at the household level to make value-added products locally in Chinturu Block, Andhra Pradesh
4. A Network programme to address migration and malnutrition in tribal communities through appropriate technologies is being implemented in 11 locations in the tribal pockets of Maharashtra covering 50 villages and around 3000 beneficiaries.