For dissemination and use of biotechnological process and tools and for creation of novel employment avenues in rural areas, training and demonstration projects have been supported in various states. Few major projects were supported by Department of Biotechnology (DBT) in an integrated manner utilising the bio-resources available as ‘Bio-village’.
Biological Pest Control: A project on Biological Control of crop pests has implemented for the benefit of rural population in Jabalpur District of Madhya Pradesh. Field demonstrations were conducted and awareness was generated about the usage of bio-pesticides instead of chemical pesticides among farmers, women, and backward population.
Sericulture: A project on farm training in silkworm rearing has been implemented at Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agriculture and Technology, Jammu. Training programmes were conducted for farmers on the latest techniques for rearing of silkworms.
Pisciculture: A project on induced seed production in Fish Hatchery and rearing has been taken up as a livelihood option for rural youths and farmers in three blocks of Bhagalpur District in Bihar. Farmers have been educated on the use of new methods of carp culture by introducing concept of liming, poly-culture, knowledge of fish feeds, regular removal of unwanted weeds from the ponds for proper supply of O2 to the carps and maintenance of ponds in a proper condition for more production of fish.
The Department of Science & Technology (DST), Govt. of India, provides long term core support to S&T based/driven Voluntary Organizations. Core support empowers agencies in development/adaptation, field testing and delivery of need based appropriate technologies/packages for rural applications to address location-specific needs.
Currently, 25 such organizations are being facilitated on technology innovations/modulation, incubation and delivery in respective geographical coverage areas to provide scalable S&T solutions/packages through adaptive R&.D and building capacities at the community level in rural and remote area.
The programme supported by DST involves technology development and adaptive R&D for the benefit of the society in the areas of agriculture, health, nutrition and activities related to Non-Farm sector.
1. Prototype for manual load carrier-head harness has been developed and field trials have been conducted
2. Green & blue water harvesting techniques has been demonstrated in tribal districts of Panchmahal and Dahod in Gujarat.
3. About 10 prototypes of assisted devices have been developed and tested and are ready for commercialization.
Location-Specific Interventions have addressed issues related to Livelihood, Health & Nutrition, Drudgery, and Local Resource Management in the lower Shivaliks.
1. Management and utilization of Lantana Camara to improve livelihood in Kandi region of Punjab; Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana, in collaboration with Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, has developed a technology package to collect the biomass and effectively use in making handmade paper.
2. Three training programs were also conducted on handmade paper manufacturing from Lantana biomass for 15 potential entrepreneurs from Talwara & Bhung block of Kandi region of Punjab, at Cellulose and Paper Division, FRI, Dehradun.
3. Trainees trained for the production of handmade paper technology will be able to generate income of Rs.10,000/-pm.
4. Wheat varieties HD-2967 and HD-3086 recorded the yield of 52q/ha and 45q/ha, respectively with the yield increase of 14% and 2% than the local ones (PBW-226, PBW-292) and an estimated increased profit of Rs.40,000/- from 1ha of land.
5. Three improved paddy varieties (P-1121, P-1612, and P-2511) give yield of 50.13 qt/ ha as compared to local variety which gives 45.60qt/ha with increased yield of 6.57, 14.69 and 8.55%, respectively, as compared to local check (Sarbati) leading to an estimated increased profit of Rs.10,800/- per ha.
The scheme supported by DST nurtures young scientists to take up S&T based projects of societal relevance with lab-to-land approach.
1. Design, Development and Testing of a Continuous Aonla Pricking Machine
2. Design and Development of Manually Operated Equipment for Bamboo Stripes Manufacturing