Engineering Sciences

Title :

Indigenous Development of Technologies for Advanced Devices and Laboratory Instruments (IDEAL)

Area of research :

Engineering Sciences, Life Sciences & Biotechnology

Focus area :

Development of medical equipment

Principal Investigator :

Dr S Maurya, Scientist, CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CEERI), Rajasthan

Timeline Start Year :


Timeline End Year :


Contact info :


Executive Summary :

Objective: This mission project aims to develop the deployable technologies related to microwave and optoelectronic devices with the following deliverables; Lab prototypes of 2.45 GHz, 2kW (CW) magnetron sources for microwave heating systems; Lab Prototype of 6.2MW(peak) & 15kW (average) Power S-band klystron; Two numbers of Lab prototypes of 250-210W Ku-band TWT meeting all specified electrical parameters and complete know-how; Prototype of 28GHz, 15kW Gyrotron and Power supply for Gyrotron (25kV, 5A, from 50% Duty-CW); Technology for development of small size M-type dispenser cathode with reproducibility and life estimation along with two number of prototype cathode for used in actual tubes; Prototypes of Eco-friendly Plasma based 172 nm VUV Excimer Source (~20 W) for Surface Activation and Modification; 200 Nos. blue LED chips (Chip size: ~ 1 mm x 1mm, 0.5 mm x0.5 mm, Forward voltage (VF): 3.1-3.8 V, Forward current (IF):140-300 mA, Output power: 50-300 mW); 200 Nos. white LED chips with a luminous efficacy of 70-100 lm/W; 25 Nos. white LED bulbs (20 W) with the following specifications; Total lumens:1400-2000, input voltage: 220 ± 10 VAC @ 50 Hz; 100 Nos. UV LED chips with operating voltage range; 5-7.5 V, power; 5-35 mW and wavelength; 265-315 nm; 25 Nos. of packaged UV LEDs; Thick Film IR Emitter prototype demonstration for gas sensing applications; Prototype of single-channel IR detector based on pyroelectric materials; Demonstration of developed IR detector for CO/CO2 gas detection; Prototype of portable NIR spectrophotometer with TRL-6; GUI software for NIR spectra acquisition, visualization, spectral pre-treatment and saving; Prototype of portable ATR-MIR spectrophotometer with TRL rating of 6; Associated hardware and software for acquiring and storing MIR spectra (including GUI software); Prototype of UV-VIS spectrometer using single beam design; Application & Data Analysis Software for the UV-VIS Spectrometer; Prototype of Portable Quadrupole Mass Analyzer; 10 Nos. of portable EM radiation power meter; Antennas for EM radiation detection; A prototype of a high-end magnetic force microscope comparable to the state-of- the-art(TRL-6); XRF based precious metal quality analyser: with TRL 5; Pocket colorimeter with TRL-6; Image colorimeter in the visible spectrum (TRL: 5-6); Prototype of automated polarimeter: 2 numbers(one lab prototype and another Industry Prototype) with TRL-6 level.

Summary: This mission programme is an effort to develop indigenous microwave, semiconductor device technologies, analytical and scientific instruments and also provide support to Indian industry eco system for achieving self-reliance in the proposed domain area. In addition, this may minimize imports, create employment and improve savings in foreign currency reserves. Furthermore, if the locally produced domestic technologies are successful, it may also boost our economy through export of these devices, systems and technologies. Hence, it can produce a “virtuous economic cycle” of increase in employment, output, income, exports, foreign reserve and decrease in imports, giving an overall improvement in the economy’s balance of trade and payments. One of the important directions of import-substitution policy is to reduce the technological dependence on foreign suppliers. The importance of developing various technologies (devices and systems) under the CSIR Mission on “Indigenous development of technologies for advanced devices and laboratory instruments (IDEAL)” has been emphasized in the Director’s meeting by DG, CSIR. This resulted in a strategy and plan to embark on new subject mission program to achieve the goal of “Atmanirbhar Bharat in the fields of microwave devices, optoelectronic devices, analytical and scientific instruments. This mission focuses on the indigenous development of devices and systems in three major areas – ‘Microwaves’, ‘Semiconductors’, ‘Analytical and Scientific instruments’ – to be taken up and executed jointly by CSIR-CEERI and CSIR-CSIO. High power microwave (MW) devices like magnetrons, klystrons, TWTs gyrotrons and high-power high frequency mm wave devices are the key components of several strategic national programme of vital importance including all types of modern military / civilian radar systems, satellite communications thermonuclear fusion reactors, Industrial and medical Linac systems, Industrial material processing systems etc. There is huge demand of microwave heating systems for domestic and industrial applications. With the growing demands on the performance parameters like power, efficiency, frequency coverage/ bandwidth, life and reliability, the technology involved in meeting such stringent performance parameters has become extremely complex and challenging and is available with only a handful of countries around the globe, India is also one of them. The market of LEDs, infra-red (IR) emitters and IR detectors in India is one of the fastest-growing, due to their wide applications such lighting applications (LED bulbs, street light, tube light, automotive, display decoration etc.), gas sensing etc. The development and production of such semiconductor devices (LEDs, IR emitters and IR detectors) involve several highly advanced and critical technologies. The technology involved in meeting such high-performance device parameters has become extremely complex, challenging and is available with only a few countries around the world. In India, CSIR-CEERI has the lab where the above kind of device technologies is being pursued. The demand for scientific instruments, analytical and diagnostic solutions has been increasing globally. There is a huge demand for scientific and analytical instruments in industries, Government laboratories, Education and research and defense establishments. The analytical instrument industry is rapidly evolving. Current trends in analytical instrumentation are high performance, portable instrumentation with sophisticated software, and an easy user interface. Also, the demands on analytical instruments today are greater than ever before due to more challenging limits of sensitivity, smaller sample sizes, a wide range of applications and the growing list of new compounds that must be detected. Continuing growth in various sectors like food & beverages, chemicals & petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals & healthcare, etc., is also boosting demand for analytical instruments in the country. The instrumentation development integrates many sciences, is technology intensive and capital intensive. The technological strengths needed include those in electronics (e.g. for controls, embedded systems), software (e.g. data processing), optics, sensors (MEMS and NEMS), detectors, sources (e.g. lasers), special materials and precision mechanical fabrication etc. On the whole, this mission mode programme provides an opportunity to exploit our expertise, capabilities and develop technologies to bring substantial self-reliance and fulfill the clarion call given by our honorable Prime minister to build an Atma-Nirbhar Bharat.

Organizations involved